Ultrasonic Application for Crack Detection in Metal

    Marlin Ramadhan Baidillah, BS Thesis, Dept. of Physics, University of Indonesia, 2008

    A crack in a high pressure tube must be identified immediately to avoid highly damaging explosion caused by pressure. Ultrasonic mechanic wave that transmits in metal will experience an attenuation effect caused by reflection when encounters obstacles with different acoustic impedance. The difference of the acoustic impedance of the crack will cause reflection of the ultrasonic wave and reduce the intensity of the transmitted ultrasonic wave. As a result, a measurement of the transmitted wave using an ultrasonic application system can be used to detect a crack in CNG metal tube. A simulation is done using COMSOL Multiphysics v3.4 software that is based on a finite element method. A crack system is simulated by sending 5 MHZ ultrasonic pulse wave from 70-degree angle-beam transducer, and then the pulse is received using a different transducer. The analysis is done along with a comparison of the received ultrasonic wave signal in different conditions, such as no crack, cracks with various depths, cracks with different angle orientations, and transducer with different positions relative to the crack. Keywords:Ultrasonic wave, crack, attenuation effect, ultrasonic application system, finite element method, COMSOL Multiphysics v3.4